With both super-powers up and running with their space programs, the next step was to put a man into space. Khrushchev, however, rejected the offer and demanded the United States eliminate its forward-based nuclear weapons in places like Turkey as a precondition for any space agreement.
Cooperation in space now would have to come at more modest levels. Thousands of federal employees were investigated, fired and even prosecuted. However, inside their close circle, the Soviet leaders, in a rude awakening, conceded that the era of Soviet dominance in space was gone forever.
From the start of the Reagan administration, however, pressure for cooperation in space had been mounting.
While the Soviets were not invited to join the Freedom project, the Reagan administration indicated its willingness to resume space cooperation with the U.
That same year, President Dwight Eisenhower signed a public order creating the National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASAa federal agency dedicated to space exploration, as well as several programs seeking to exploit the military potential of space.
Meanwhile, the Soviet Union experienced a series of failures in its manned lunar program. Both privately and publicly, the Soviet response was cool, because of the perceived asymmetry of a mission in which the Soviet crew was in trouble and the U. However, the much expected summit was cancelled in the aftermath of the May 1 downing of a U-2 spy plane over the Soviet Union.
There were large differences between the two negotiating partners. I was beginning my scientific career at the heart of the Soviet nuclear establishment, now known as the Kurchatov Institute, and was very disappointed Eisenhower would not be visiting the institute as had been rumored.
In the early s, the Nixon administration sought to reduce U. Soon, other anticommunist politicians, most notably Senator Joseph McCarthyexpanded this probe to include anyone who worked in the federal government. The Lunokhod moon rovers and sample return probes earned a great deal of admiration from international scientists.
Inhe and Soviet premier Leonid Brezhnev signed the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty SALT Iwhich prohibited the manufacture of nuclear missiles by both sides and took a step toward reducing the decades-old threat of nuclear war.
In HollywoodHUAC forced hundreds of people who worked in the movie industry to renounce left-wing political beliefs and testify against one another. In the United States, space was seen as the next frontier, a logical extension of the grand American tradition of exploration, and it was crucial not to lose too much ground to the Soviets.
Visit Website Did you know? Once again, cooperation was symbolic of a thaw in the Cold War. Many American officials feared this was the first step in a communist campaign to take over the world and deemed that nonintervention was not an option.
Inevery other communist state in the region replaced its government with a noncommunist one. The Cold War Abroad The fight against subversion at home mirrored a growing concern with the Soviet threat abroad.
ABC-CLIO, Space Race The same rockets that might send a human into space could send an atom bomb to an enemy city and they would not even know that it was coming because of where it would be coming from.
NASA had to work with a counterpart that could not even be clearly identified. It was difficult to persuade our Soviet authorities, including the president of the Academy of Sciences, academician Mstislav Keldysh, that we should reciprocate.
As a result, the stakes of the Cold War were perilously high. Only in the late s, with warming political relations, did momentum for major space cooperation begin to build.
Gorbachev, tear down this wall. Following the ouster of Khrushchev in Octoberthe new Soviet leadership of Leonid Brezhnev and his colleagues took even a harder line toward overall U.
The first H-bomb test, in the Eniwetok atoll in the Marshall Islands, showed just how fearsome the nuclear age could be. Unfortunately, politics intervened again. Start your free trial today.During the Cold War, the United States and Russia had a severe space race between one another.
Every time one country would be a step ahead of the other, and somehow one of the countries would catch up to the more advanced country at the time.
Cold War Essay Choose one of the following questions below for your essay topic.
Be sure to answer in proper essay form with an introduction, at least three reasons with supporting evidence and examples, and a conclusion. The Space Race not only affected the outcome of the Cold War, but it also affected how science is studied today.
The Space Race greatly affected the the Cold War.
The Cold War was a war between the United State and the Soviet Union against communism. The Race to Space Essay Words | 4 Pages.
The Race to Space The tension that existed between the U.S. and Russia during the years after WWII was not only a time that both countries patiently tried to keep the world from another war, but was also a time of great rivalry in the exploration of space.
Russian space scientist Roald Z. Sagdeev spent a large part of his career viewing NASA from the Soviet Union’s side of the Cold War divide.
Sagdeev, the former head of the Russian Space Research Institute, now is the director of the University of Maryland’s East-West Space Science Center.
The Space Race during the Cold War Essays - The Space Race during the Cold War During the Cold War, the United States and Russia had a severe space race between one another. Every time one country would be a step ahead of the other, and somehow one of the countries would catch up to the more advanced country at the time.Download